Fredrik Reinfeldt born (4 August 1965) is a Swedish politician who was Prime Minister of Sweden from 2006 to 2014 and chairman of the liberal conservative Moderate Party from 2003 to 2015. He was the last rotating President of the European Council in 2009. Reinfeldt announced his resignation as both PM and party leader after suffering defeat at the 2014 general election.
A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairman, a position he held until 1995. He served as Member of Parliament from 1991 to 2014, representing his home constituency. Reinfeldt was elected party leader on 25 October 2003, succeeding Bo Lundgren. Under his leadership, the Moderate Party has transformed its policies and oriented itself towards the centre, branding itself “the New Moderates”
Following the 2006 general election, Reinfeldt was elected Prime Minister on 6 October. Together with the three other political parties in the centre-right Alliance for Sweden, Reinfeldt presided over a coalition government with the support of a narrow majority in the parliament. At the age of 41, he was the third-youngest person to become Prime Minister of Sweden.
Reinfeldt’s first term in office was marked by the late-2000s financial crisis and recession. A drop in popularity before the financial crisis reversed as the economy of Sweden emerged as one of the strongest in Europe which brought a resurgence of support for him, resulting in his government’s re-election in 2010. Despite the Moderate Party, getting its best share of the vote since the introduction of universal suffrage in 1919, Reinfeldt’s government was reduced to a minority government, but he remained in power as the first centre-right Prime Minister since the Swedish-Norwegian Union to be re-elected.
His premiership was characterized by “Arbetslinjen” with focus on getting more people into to the workforce, managing of the late-2000s financial crisis and recession which resulted in one of the world’s strongest public finances and top rankings in climate and health care.
Reinfeldt is the longest-serving non-Social Democratic Prime Minister since Erik Gustaf Boström in 1891–1900. After defeat in the 2014 election, Reinfeldt announced that he would step down from leading the party which he did on 10 January 2015.
Session: Political Aspects Of Tourism